The origins of Castilian language: The Gothic Cartulary of Cardeña
Burgos and the origin of Spanish language
first documents written in Castilian language
how Spanish language was born
monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña
old Spanish manuscript
The cartulary of Cardeña
For a better knowledge of the origins of Castilian language, it is fundamental to study this old document “The Gothic cartulary of Cardeña”. Its name refers to the monastery of Cardeña where it was found, which still today is visitable. The temple is located in a village in the province of Burgos called Castrillo del Val, very close to the capital of Burgos (11 km).
As a result of a new analysis of this document, Dr. Sonia Serna Serna, professor of the area of sciences and graphic history techniques of the University of Burgos, has elaborated some conclusions in this respect. Recently, on June the 14th 2017, she gave a lecture titled “The First Great Hispanic Manuscript: the Gothic Cartulary of Cardeña” and, after my request, in order to spread the news, she wrote for Origin a summary of its content.
At the end of it, I added a brief glossary of some of the words that appear in the text, facilitating the understanding and encouraging to a detailed reading.
THE FIRST GREAT HISPANIC MANUSCRIPT: THE GOTHIC CARTULARY OF CARDEÑA
“Founded around 899, the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña soon became one of the earliest and most important of all the peninsular West, especially in the field of written culture. From its scriptorium emanated magnificent Visigothic codices. One of them, the Gothic carturaly of Cardeña, constitutes a relevant testimony of written, cultural and philological heritage that we must outline and put in value.
The Gothic (this term is equivalent to “Visigothic” by the spellings used in it) Cartulary is a large format parchment codex, made in an elegant and fine Visigothic round letter in the year 1086 and currently in The Library Francisco de Zabálburu (Madrid). This type of manuscript, also known as cartulary or diplomatic codex, contains the original documents of the cardenian monastery, something frequent in the XII century in every monastic or ecclesiastical valued center . The importance of the Cartulary of Cardeña is, nevertheless, huge, because diverse and varied are the facts that concur in it.